BRAT is an acronym for the foods included in the diet. They are bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast ( 1 ). It is also called the bland diet and is recommended for individuals with acute diarrhea and / or vomiting
Although the diet is being followed for a long time now, there are many issues surrounding it.
More on The BRAT Diet
The BRAT diet consists of foods that are easy to digest and low in fat and fiber. Raw and uncooked foods are not recommended. This diet has a mild flavor and is less acidic, allowing fewer bowel movements
The diet is low in nutritional value. Therefore, following it for two to three days and then getting back to a regular balanced diet is recommended.
In addition to the foods in the diet, you can also consume low-fat dairy products, pudding, fruit juice, vegetable stew , eggs, and lean meat. More food options can be added on the second and third days of the BRAT diet
One major concern with BRAT diet is if it is safe for children.
Although the BRAT diet was once recommended to children with acute diarrhea, experts now suggest against its use for longer periods as it lacks in fat and several other micronutrients ( 2 ).
Proper feeding in children with food appropriate for their age must continue. (19659002)
How Does The Breast Diet Work
The BRAT diet is made of foods high in starchy carbohydrates and low in dietary fiber. These foods make the stool firm. They are also low in fat and protein and therefore do not upset the stomach.
BRAT Diet For Toddlers
Children with diarrhea and / or vomiting must be able to take care of their diarrhea be introduced to ORS initially. If the child is breastfed, continue doing so ( 3 ). You can also introduce milk formula if the child can tolerate it.
After giving the liquid foods, wait and watch for any symptoms. You can then introduce the BRAT diet. The foods are soft, mildly seasoned, low in fiber, and easily digested. This reduces the irritation of the digestive tract
The BRAT diet can be given to children only for a short while as it can not replace other healthier food options. Regular food must be resumed after two to three days. The following food pattern can help:
• Coconut water / milk formula (if the child can tolerate)
• Dry toast / mashed potato or sweet potato
• Mashed banana / cooked vegetables
• Rice with boiled lentils
• Broth / clear soup
BRAT Diet For Adults
If you have vomited, rest for a while, and do not consume anything for some time ( 4 ). Once you feel that you can tolerate some liquid, sip on regular water and have coconut water, apple juice, and broth.
A few hours after you are able to tolerate liquids, you can eat some bland foods such as bananas, rice, applesauce, and dry toast
After 24 to 48 hours, you can resume your regular diet (with foods that are easy to digest).
The following food pattern can help:
First few hours – After you feel your stomach has settled, drink plain water or an electrolyte beverage. First 24 hours – Consume clear liquids like coconut water, fruit juice, and broth. If the symptoms of vomiting / diarrhea do not return, you can continue drinking something every two hours ( 5 )
We have discussed the foods you can include in a BRAT diet. There is also a list of foods you should avoid
Foods To Avoid On The BRAT Diet
Mentioned below are the foods to be avoided in the BRAT diet ( 1 ):
- high-flavored food, including onions, garlic, hot sauces, and seasonings
- Fried and fatty foods, including meat (as they can not be digested in this condition)
- Dairy products like milk, cheese, etc. (19659037) Sugar foods such as cookies, cakes, doughnuts, candy, cold drinks, and ice creams
If you have recently had an upset stomach or diarrhea, your doctor may suggest that you limit your diet to bland foods that will not irritate your stomach. The BRAT diet is safe to follow for only two to three days until your digestion improves, as this is low in dietary fiber and does not provide nutrition
Expert's Answers For Readers' Questions
] You must visit a doctor if you have the following symptoms:
You have diarrhea or have vomit for more than 3 days.
• Your body temperature is 101ºF or higher
• You experience dehydration, lightheadedness, decreased urination, and severe fatigue
• You have bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain
• You have insulin-dependent diabetes and experience vomiting, diarrhea, or nausea.
You are undergoing treatment for a medical condition and have an acute diarrhea and vomiting.
The prolonged use of BRAT diet can lead to severe malnutrition. The diet substantially lacks vital nutrients, including protein, fat, fiber, calcium, and vitamins A and B12
What does research on the BRAT diet say
According to several studies, following a restrictive diet for a long time can result in malnutrition ( 6 ). During any disease, a balanced diet should be given to compensate for the loss of nutrients in the body
Age-appropriate foods should be included in the diet to keep the nutrition levels optimum. Formula milk or breastfeeding should be continued for infants
Children and adults should return to their regular diets once they start to eat normal foods
The BRAT diet is effective for anyone with severe diarrhea and / or vomiting. Though one can lose weight with the BRAT diet, it is not recommended in the long run
- " The Bland diet " The National Center for Biotechnology Information
- " BRAT Diet for Acute Diarrhea in Children: Should It Be Used ", Practical Gastroenterology, Nutrition Issues in Gastroenterology
- " 2017 Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diarrhea "" ", Clinical Infectious Diseases, Oxford Academic
- " Diarrhea and vomiting ["TheOregonClinic
- " The impact of restrictive diets on the risk of undernutrition in a free-living elderly population "The Clinical Nutrition, The National Library of Medicine, The National Institutes of Health. post The BRAT Diet appeared first on Click to enlarge STYLECRAZE .