Myth 1: You only need to wear sunscreen in summer, or when the sun is out
‘Even if you can’t see any blue sky, a significant amount of UV rays can still get through the clouds,’ explains Dr Anjali Mahto. ‘It’s best to apply sunscreen if you’re out and about.’
Myth 2: Darker skin tones don’t need to use SPF
‘Those with olive or pigmented skin often think they don’t need sunscreen, but skin of colour is also sensitive to damage caused by UV and requires protection,’ the doctor explains.
‘Darker skin is relatively more protected from sun damage with a natural SPF of around 13.4, compared to its fairer counterparts which have an average of 3.4. But while this does mean the onset of sun damage (wrinkles, skin laxity and sagging, to name a few) are less common in dark skin, compared to an age equivalent individual of white skin, dark skin types are still vulnerable to sun damage.’
Myth 3: Every sun cream protects against all kinds of damage from the sun
‘When choosing a sunscreen look for a high protection SPF (30 or more), to protect against UVB, and the UVA circle logo and/or 4 or 5 UVA stars to protect against UVA,’ explains Dr Anjali.
‘IR-A appears to induce free radical formation and penetrate the skin, causing damage that can potentially lead to skin ageing. Traditional sun creams do not generally have IR-A protection, we need to seek out products that offers triple protection, that protect against IR-A rays, too.
‘Heliocare 360 Gel Oil-free SPF 50, which protects against UVB, UVA, Infrared‐A (IR-‐A) and high energy visible light, is a great option. If someone is concerned about skin ageing, by all means look for a sunscreen with IR-A protection, but UVB and UVA protection are still by far most important.’
Myth 4: You only need to apply sunscreen once to be protected all day
‘Despite what the packaging promises, swimming, sweating, rubbing, or towelling down means you will end up removing the sunscreen from your body,’ Dr Anjali says. ‘Always reapply after sporting activity, or at least every two hours.’
Myth 5: The SPF scale is linear
There is a massive difference between no SPF and the protection offered by an SPF of as little as 15. ‘SPF 30 does not offer twice the protection as SPF 15, even though it offers a higher level of protection, so don’t be fooled,’ says Dr Anjali. ‘Similarly, factor 20 is not twice as good as factor 10 – an SPF 15 blocks about 93 per cent of UVB rays, while an SPF 30 blocks 97 per cent and SPF 50 blocks 98 per cent. No sunscreen offers 100 per cent protection.’
Just when you thought you had nailed your skincare routine, suddenly there’s an additional cream meant for a specific part of your body. We present to you: neck creams. In the past, we thought using our normal serum, day cream and SPF on our necks would be fine. But now there’s a whole subcategory of products aimed solely at the neck.
With this in mind, we sat down with two of London’s go-to skin experts, Kate Kerr – Clinical Facialist – and Dr Maryam Zamani – Aesthetic Doctor – to ask them whether neck creams are worth investing in or whether it’s something that you can firmly leave off your list.
Let’s chat about the skin on our neck…
First of all, we wanted to know how the skin on your neck differs from the skin on the rest of your face. ‘The skin on your neck is thinner and has fewer sebaceous glands,’ explains Kate Kerr. ‘It’s often a neglected area, which is prone to more sun damage.’ Both Kerr and Dr Zamani highlighted the newest issue facing women, which is ‘tech-neck’. ‘Recently, there has been an increase in the number of younger patients complaining of premature ageing of the neck,’ Dr Zamani says. ‘This is perhaps because of the tendency to tilt the head downward, looking down at gadgets. The skin on the neck is more extensible and elastic, so is significantly influenced by constant movement, weight and sun exposure.’ She goes on to say that as the skin on the neck is also much thinner than that on the rest of the face, that it is much more likely to get wrinkly.
How do you take care of the skin on your neck?
So what does this mean for maintenance? How should we be caring for our necks? Dr Zamani says a combination of ‘SPF, retinol creams and serums to improve tone and increase collagen production, hyaluronic acid to hydrate, ceramides and peptides to lock in moisture and vitamin c’ is ideal, which Kerr agrees with: ‘growth factors and peptides that will stimulate collagen, vitamin c to help with pigmentation, strengthen the capillaries and then an SPF50 sunscreen.’
Can’t we just use our normal skincare?
So are our face creams ok to use on our necks? Or can we use our run-of-mill body moisturiser? Dr Zamani says no to the body cream, ‘but I always recommend using all face skincare on the neck and décolletage.’ Kate Kerr agrees, ‘Continue your face skincare routine down your neck and along your décolletage. Those two areas get a lot of sun and they’re also on show and if you’re using a lot of active ingredients on your face but neglecting your neck and décolletage then you can get a bit of disparity between the two, and the neck and décolletage can look older or in less good condition.’
Neck creams – are they worth it?
So if this is the case, why are there neck creams? As Kerr puts it: ‘I don’t think there’s a lot of difference to be honest, it’s purely marketing and making money for the cosmetic market. Skin is skin and as an anti-ageing product it’s going to have the same ingredients as your face cream. It might be slightly more rich, because the neck has fewer sebaceous glands, so it might be slightly dryer. but they really are unnecessary.’ You basically want to hydrate, protect, stimulate collagen and elastin production, which you can do with your skincare regimen.
So what have we learnt? The skin on your neck is slightly different from the rest of your face, but as long as your are using products that stimulate the collagen, contain antioxidants to protect against environmental aggressors and are using a high SPF, then you’re sorted.
Meet the beauty brands that are taking steps to be a little bit more eco conscious…
The world is slowly becoming more atuned to our need to be more conscious of the environment, particularly when it comes to the production and use of packaging.
At a consumer level, it’s about taking whatever small steps you’re able to in order to make your routine a bit more eco-friendly – whether that’s investing in a reusable coffee cup, washable cotton pads or learning how to recycle beauty products properly.
Beauty brands have also sat up in their seats and we’re seeing more and more reusable and refillable options launching– a great thing for beauty addicts everywhere who want to do their bit for the planet.
Without further ado, scroll for our rundown of brilliant brands making the switch to refillables, before shopping our fave products that you need on your (eco) radar. Keep checking back here for updates on brands’ new sustainable initiatives as we get them…
This East London cruelty-free brand is so, SO great. Each product is handcrafted here in the UK by those who are blind or disabled, giving vital employment to those who need it, and they have put a tremendous amonut of effort into design packaging that is all recycled, recyclable or compostable. There’s so much that’s great about them so it’s well worth reading more on their About Page when you’re done here.
The Soap Co realised pretty quickly how difficult it is to recycle complicated pumps from hand wash and body lotion bottles, so they created refills to avoid the pump mechanisms ending up in landfill. Simply recycle your bottle but keep the pump, and put it into a new refill bottle (which is also locally and responsibly sourced). Wonderful stuff.
These guys have been switched on to being mindful of the environment from day one, offering different schemes for both recycling and refilling their products. Any Beauty Kitchen products that are marked with their ‘Return – Refill – Repeat’ logo can be dropped off at any UK or Ireland Holland & Barret; they’ll send them off and you’ll get points on your loyalty card. Lovely stuff!
Even better, they’ve now got a brand new refill station for your empties in the new-look Boots Store at Covent Garden, something we can’t wait to roll out nationwide. Bravo, Beauty Kitchen.
REN has partnered with recycling powerhouse TerraCycle’s new initiative, Loop, to create refillable packaging for some of their best selling skin and body care products. This new scheme will help them achieve their pledge to be a zero waste brand by 2021.
So how will it work?
REN will launch cleanable, printed glass bottles with 100% recycled pumps (recycled by Loop) for six of their best selling products to start with.
These bottles will then be refillable as and when you need – simply put the empties into a Loop Tote and they’ll pick up, clean, refill and send back to you. You can read more about the scheme, launching in the UK soon, on REN’s website.
Keep scrolling to shop more refillable products below.
Words by Lucy Abbersteen and Millie Willetts
Discovered a new refillable product or brand that you’re loving? Let us know by getting in touch on social at @marieclaireuk
The weather might be glorious for now but, let’s be honest, British summertime will be over in five minutes and it’ll soon be time to crack open your beauty advent calendars. In the immortal words of Bruce Almighty, the 2019 offerings are already looking B-E-A-Utiful.
In our opinion, getting a make-up, skincare or even scented candle treat every day of December is a far better way to get in the festive spirit than chocolate. (Not that we don’t love chocolate too, obvs.)
But the sad truth about these boujie beauty buys is that they sell out faster than the blink of an eye. That’s why we’ve rounded up your first look at the 2019 beauty advent calendars and their respective waiting list and launch date details, so you can ensure you get your hands on that coveted Liberty or Jo Malone calendar. Ready? Let’s go.
Jo Malone London Advent Calendar
Ahh, Jo Malone London. The holy grail of beauty advent calendars, this one sells out every single year without fail. It’s spenny, but you’re getting a serious haul here; if you love the brand, your fragrance addiction will be suitably satisfied with ALL the gorgeous tiny moisturiser, shower oil, candle and colognes. And if you’re newer to the brand, it gives you a chance to try some of the hero products in miniature form before splurging on the full-sized versions. Sign. Us. Up.
How much is it?
When is it available?
1st October online-only, 1st November at JML boutiques nationwide
ELEMIS Beauty Advent Calendar
Elemis has so many staple skincare offerings – Pro Collagen Marine Cream and Cleansing Balm, we’re looking at you – that their annual advent calendar is a guaranteed hit. We’re still waiting on a first look for this one (the above is a reminder of last year’s dreamy offering), but you can bet your bottom dollar it’ll be a great one.
How much is it?
When is it available?
NUXE Beauty Advent Calendar
Luxury French brand NUXE is pretty high on our skincare radar, as is their 2019 calendar. A celebration of their delicious masks, creams and of course, the iconic Huile Prodigieuse make up this super cute advent offering.
How much is it?
When is it available?
Soap & Glory Miracle on 24th Sweet
Soap & Glory never fails to serve up fun advent calendar offerings, and their 2019 release looks to be no different. You’ll get your hands on all of your favourite classic S&G products as well as some limited edition goodies. Dreamy!
How much is it?
When is it available?
End of September
Molton Brown Advent Calendar
Who doesn’t love Molton Brown, really? Nobody we know. As well as their core collection of delicious bath and body products, their annual seasonal scents are always a joy – we love the look of this 24-door treasure trove.
How much is it?
When is it available?
18th September (TBC)
One thing’s for sure, December will be a beauty-packed month with these incredible beauty advent calendars on the scene. We can’t wait.
Whilst typically thought of as an autumnal vegetable used in warming soups and a scary Halloween decoration, pumpkin is actually one heck of a skincare ingredient.
High in vitamins A, C and E, it works wonders at reducing and smoothing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, as well as fading dark spots. And as it’s made up of alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), it works much like glycolic and lactic acids to break down and remove dead skin cells, which as a result speeds up cell turnover to reveal brighter looking skin.
See? Wonder ingredient.
Here’s our roundup of the 10 best products containing pumpkin…
Whilst it might sound strange for one product to be both cleanser and exfoliator, as well as a moisturiser, this multi-tasker is in fact all three. Add water to it and it emulsifies, removing make-up and dirt, let it sit on the skin and allow the pumpkin enzymes to gently nibble away at any dead skin cells, and leave it on all day for a plump, freshly cleansed glow thanks to the rich, nourishing ingredients, like sweet almond and mandarin peel oil.
Dull skin’s worst enemy. The combination of vitamins B3 and C, as well as red algae, pumpkin enzymes, shea butter and grapeseed oil brighten skin, whilst encouraging collagen production, calming the appearance of dark spots and ridding the skin’s surface of glow-preventing, dead dulling cells.
This is a punchy treatment that has been nicknamed ‘The Hollywood 2-minute facial’ and two minutes is really all you need. The LA-based facialist combines both physical and enzyme exfoliators (our trusty pumpkin, papaya and pineapple) to help reveal super glowy skin.
Who doesn’t want to skin that screams radiant energy?! There are a total of nine different dry oils inside this face oil, including our favourite pumpkin. Together they help to reveal a brighter, more even complexion that deserves to shown off. Add into your daily moisturiser or use alone.
Fight stretch marks with this two-pronged attack. Use the cream in the morning, which pushes water into the skin to promote elasticity, and the oil in the evening, which helps work on skin suppleness. Both are laced with pumpkin extract to encourage sluggish cell turnover.
This natural face oil tackles redness, irritation and loss of elasticity and plumpness, which makes it perfect for dry, sensitive or hormonal skin. The pumpkin plays a big part in all that by refining the skin’s texture and kick starting cell turnover.
From the man behind Beyoncé, Margot Robbie, Jennifer Lopez and Kim Kardashian’s complexions, comes The Method. A simplified routine that promises to deliver. Inside The Polish you’ll find pumpkin and pomegranate extracts, which help to banish any uneven texture. The A-List option.
Summer Fridays are known for creating instant cult products, and this one is no different. Called Overtime, because it’s perfect for those times when you’ve been busy and have neglected your skin slightly. Apply a thick layer onto clean, dry skin and work it in for 60 seconds before leaving it for 10 minutes. Goodbye lacklustre skin, hello glow.
If you’re partial to a Spiced Pumpkin Latte from Starbucks around Christmas time, then you will love the way this smells. You’ll also love the way that the AHAs and pumpkin enzymes cut through surface debris and dead skin to reveal skin that reflects light like never before.
They seem similar, but in reality they’re two very different things
The line between Botox vs fillers can sometimes seem a bit blurred, so if you’re just starting to look into injectables, it might feel confusing working out which is best for you.
With this in mind, we sat down and spoke to one of the capital’s leading experts in the field to find out exactly how they differ, and the important questions to ask before considering treatment. Keep reading to find out which is best for you…
What is Botox and how does it work?
‘Botox is the short name for botulinum toxin, a group of molecules produced by the bacteria clostridium botulinum,’ explains Harley Street aesthetic doctor Dr David Jack. ‘It is called a ‘toxin’ because in very high quantities it can act as a ‘neurotoxin’ in the body, blocking the action of certain nerve types. In medicine, this toxin has been refined and tiny doses of the original toxin can be injected into areas where it is desirable to block the action of some nerves, for example in the tiny muscles of the eye, for squints, or in the bladder for hyperactive muscle.
‘In aesthetics, it can be injected directly into the tiny muscles of facial expression to relax the muscle tension on the skin, where they create lines with age; this then relaxes the lines and wrinkles. It can also be used to relax muscles that pull down on the face, for example in the neck muscles, to give a lifting effect. Likewise, it can also be used to block sweat glands, so can be used for treatment of excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis). Migraines can also be treated effectively with Botox injected into several points in the scalp.’
Effects can last between 3-6 months, depending on the individual.
Does Botox have side effects?
‘Side effects with Botox are rare but, as with any injection into the skin, there is a risk of bruising and tenderness at the injection site. Headache can sometimes be experienced by people on the first day of treatment too. Much rarer side effects include flu-like symptoms and difficulty swallowing.’
Who can/can’t have Botox?
‘Botox is generally considered an extremely safe treatment and there are very few exclusions. Pregnancy is a contraindication, as is myasthenia gravis and some other rare neurological conditions.
‘Generally patients tend to be in their late 20s at least – I’m not keen on treating patients much younger as ‘preventative Botox’ is a bit overkill!’
Olivia Colman has openly spoken about getting Botox, saying she ‘loved it’
What should you ask your consultant before considering a treatment?
When getting any treatment, it’s extremely important that you feel safe in the hands of your practitioner. Never be afraid to ask lots of questions to ensure the job is being done properly and safely.
‘I would always suggest asking the qualifications of the practitioner and how long they have been doing the treatment,’ says Dr Jack. ‘Likewise, make sure the product being used is one of the proper brands.
‘In relation to the treatment itself, for cosmetic purposes it is difficult to say who it’s ‘right’ for – this is always a matter of opinion and should be a joint decision between the patient and practitioner, based on their experience and your own wishes. If you ever feel coerced into having a treatment, then you should always take a step back and ask if it is right for you.’
How much does botox cost?
‘This depends on the clinic and practitioner. In central London with a good, well trained and experienced doctor you’d expect to pay around £450-£800 for a treatment for the full face. Beauty therapists are still unfortunately able to offer treatments, despite not being medically qualified, and prices are lower accordingly. This is all very well, until something goes wrong!’
What are fillers and how do they work?
‘Dermal fillers are a group of injectable medical products designed to add volume to tissues. There are many different types of fillers, such as hyaluronic acid fillers (the most common type), collagen-stimulating fillers (such as sculptra) and permanent fillers (such as silicone, which is not sold in the UK any longer). Fat transfer might also be considered a ‘filler’.
‘Generally speaking, fillers can be injected into areas to replace lost volume and revitalise the skin. There are many different consistencies and forms of fillers, for use in different areas, and the technology is improving rapidly.’
Results usually last for 18 months, but can be reversed before that time.
Do fillers have side effects?
‘Side effects with dermal fillers are generally rare, but include bruising, swelling, lumpiness and rarely vascular occlusion (where the injected filler is accidentally injected into a blood vessel, causing blockage and damage to the tissue the vessel supplies with blood). The latter is a very rare complication. Side effects such as nerve damage, allergic reaction and infection are extremely rare.’
What should you ask your consultant before considering fillers?
‘The main thing to ask is about their qualifications and experience. Given the volume of issues I see from inexperienced practitioners (most often beauty therapists), it is important to confirm your practitioner is medically qualified and is able to inject hyaluronidase to dissolve any filler should there be a vascular occlusion.’
Who can/can’t have fillers?
‘Contraindications to fillers include local infection in the skin, previous reaction to filler, allergy to any ingredient in the filler and pregnancy. Since fillers are generally considered ‘inert medical devices’, they don’t necessarily have to be prescribed by a doctor and can be bought over the counter – hence the possibility of fillers being injected by beauticians and hairdressers. This brings a whole lot of issues to the industry.
‘I would also ask the type of filler being used and the brand. Brands such as Juvéderm and Teosyal have the most research behind them so are generally considered the safest and most reliable. I’ve seen some real problems people have had with beauty therapists injecting cheap brands of filler.’
How much do fillers cost?
‘Like Botox, the price of dermal fillers will vary hugely. At a good, medical clinic I would expect the cost per syringe of Juvederm to be between £300-700. For larger volume, full face treatments I would expect to pay around £1,500-3,500.
‘Lower than this and I would definitely question the experience and quality of product being used.’
Sunburn is officially the worst. Not only does it hurt like hell (warm showers are certainly out of the question), but it looks bloody unsightly.
Nothing ruins a beautiful outfit quite like roaring red shoulders and unsightly tan lines. Whilst the best aftersun will help soothe and calm the inflammation and try to prevent peeling, it isn’t going to get rid of the burn, nor solve it overnight.
Here are some steps you can take straight away to ease the pain…
How to treat sunburn
Step 1: Get out of the sun straight away. Find a nice shady spot or even go inside.
Step 2: Cool down your skin. Either have a cold shower (but don’t put it on full blast, keep the pressure low), a cool bath or dampen a towel with cold water and drape it over the area. When drying off, be sure not to drag your towel across your skin, gently pat the area dry. Then apply your after sun. Aloe Vera also does wonders at soothing painful skin, so as well as your aftersun, stock up on some that as well. We like the below.
Step 4: If you’re in severe pain, take paracetamol and ibuprofen to take down some of the inflammation.
Step 5: Keep the affected area completely covered until it starts to feel better, but avoid wearing anything too tight and constricting.
If you burn regularly, it might be that you’re falling foul to the sunburn myths that are damaging your skin. Here we debunk them with the help of Dr Daniel Glass from The Dermatology Clinic London.
MYTH:You won’t burn in the shade
FACT: ‘A common error that many make is believing that they cannot burn in the shade, so resort to lying under an umbrella or tree when they need a ‘break’ from the sun. However, this is far from the truth as you can burn even when under a shade, due to UV radiation reflected off nearby surfaces. It is important to understand that it is not necessarily the visible sunlight that damages your skin, but the UV radiation. Even though we cannot see or feel them, UV radiation reflect off benign surfaces like sand, water, and even snow, which means that you can still get sunburnt even in the shade.
For this reason, it is always important to ensure you are well protected from the sun with the best sun cream, even when in the shade.’
MYTH: The odd sunburn won’t hurt
FACT: ‘Getting sunburnt doesn’t mean you will definitely develop skin cancer, but getting sunburn especially when you are young massively increases the risk of skin cancer. For example recent research based on almost 100,000 people showed that one sunburn between the age of 15 and 25 increased the risk of melanoma skin cancer by over 50% and 4 episodes of sunburn more than doubles your risk of developing melanoma. For this reason, it’s a good idea to think very carefully about taking extra measures to protect your skin, especially if you have been sunburnt in the past.’
MYTH: You can’t burn when it’s cloudy
FACT: ‘Not only can you burn when it’s cloudy – you might get an even worse sunburn, as it is unlikely you will realise how powerful the UV rays are. People are often a lot more relaxed about sun cream application when the weather is overcast, and the clouds are more prominent than the sun, but what they fail to realise is that 80% of the sun’s rays can pass through clouds, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation.That’s why it’s important that apply your sun cream every 2 hours or after swimming and sport, even on cloudier days.’
MYTH: If you have dark skin, you don’t need sun cream
FACT: ‘Make no mistake, whether you have dark or pale skin, your skin can get damaged from the sun and you’re putting yourself at risk of skin cancer. Although less common than in caucasian skin, melanoma can occur in black or Asian skin. A naturally high level of the pigment melanin does of course add some protection from the sun, but it does not mean that sun burn cannot happen, especially with excessive exposure.’
MYTH: If you wear a high factor sun cream you do not need to reapply frequently
FACT: ‘No sun cream is 100% effective, even those which claim to give you an all-day protection, so you should make sure you re apply frequently and stay out of the sun during the hottest times of the day. Spending hours baking in the sun is not good for your skin, even if you apply a high protection sun cream as the cream will only delay not prevent DNA damage in your skin. When selecting a sun cream, make sure you are using the right one for your skin type which has both UVA and UVB protection.’
A great anti-ageing serum can take your skin from so-so to super. Read on for our favourite buys
We all now know how important the best face serum is. It’s the hardest working product in our skincare routine, packed full of amazing skin replenishing and boosting ingredients. Introducing one into your daily regimen will do wonders for the condition and appearance of your skin. So imagine how fantastic the best anti-ageing serums must be…
As with most products that suddenly gain hype there comes a slew of different products to choose from, which can make it quite difficult to choose one that’ll work for you. But, if you’re in the market for one, you’ve come to right place as we’ve done all the hard work for you.
Over the course of time, through a lot of beauty editor trial and error, we’ve pulled together a list of the most effective and subsequently, best anti-ageing serums out there. There are serums that will help protect and prevent wrinkles and lines in the early stages and some ingredients, like retinol, can even reduce the appearance of existing damage.
When to use the best anti-ageing serums
Anti-ageing beauty products, particularly those with antioxidants, can be used as early as in your 20s, but the most important thing is to use anti-ageing products that are appropriate for your skin type. Remember that serums contain the highest concentration of active ingredients that you can get without a prescription, so it’s important to get the right one for you.
If you’re acne-prone, look for vitamin C serums. If you have dry skin, look for vitamin E. And if your skin appears dull, look for antioxidants, which will help protect your skin from free radicals like pollution.
How to apply face serum
After cleansing your skin, smooth your anti-ageing serum over slightly damp skin. Then, press the serum into your skin with an open palm instead of fingertips to release the active ingredients. Leave it to sink in properly for at least five minutes.
If you’ve come across the best moisturiser for your skin type, apply it afterwards. But, if your skin feels nourished enough just from using the serum, simply add a sun protection product (SPF) and you’re ready to go.
Scroll through the best anti-ageing serums below to find your perfect match.
If you follow any beauty-related Instagram accounts then you’ve probably seen the word bakuchiol popping up all over the place. It’s kind of a big deal.
That said, you may not be clued in on what it actually does, or why people are raving about it. That’s where your Marie Claire skincare experts come in with our handy need-to-know guy on the skincare ingredient of the moment.
Keep reading to find out more about the ingredient that might just knock retinol off the top spot…
What is bakuchiol?
‘It’s an ayurvedic treatment from Asia that is a naturally-found alternative to retinol, extracted from the seeds of a Babchi plant found in Asia,’ explains Mark Curry, co-founder of skincare brand The Inkey List. ‘Like retinol or vitamin A, it reduces the appearance of wrinkles and uneven skin by stimulating the regeneration of skin cells.’ So, smoother, more even complexions all round.
Bakuchiol can reduce inflammation, improve elasticity and help stimulate collagen, so it’s a pretty impressive little ingredient.
Can everybody use it, we hear you ask? That’s where it’s different to our much-loved retinol: everybody can use it without fear of irritation. ‘It’s suitable for all skin types, even the most sensitive, including pre and post-pregnancy women who should not be using retinol.’
When to apply bakuchiol
This will depend entirely on the form you buy your bakuchiol, as it’s available in both serum and moisturiser options, but usually you’d apply after cleansing and toning your skin. Our guide to the order you should apply skincare products will help you work out where your bakuchiol buy best fits into your skincare regime (and clear up some confusion around all those other products).
Liking the sound of it so far? Keep scrolling for Marie Claire‘s favourite products containing the ingredient of the moment.
Milia are those small white bumps that appear on the skin that could easily be mistaken for whiteheads. However, they are in fact small cysts containing the protein keratin. They develop when clumps of dead skin cells get trapped below the skin and form hard white balls. The light colour has given them the nickname ‘milk spots’, which you might be familiar with as you often find them on babies.
To understand a bit more about these little spots and what can be done to remove and prevent them, we spoke to Dr Anita Sturnham, a GP and skin expert.
What do Milia look like?
‘Milia are typically white lesions, but can be yellow and red when irritated and inflamed,’ says Dr Sturnham. ‘They’re typically 1-2 mm diameter, uniform and spherical protruding from just under the skin surface.’
Why do Milia appear?
‘Milia are commonly found in both children and adults, and there are different types,’ explains Dr Sturnham. ‘They can either appear spontaneously, as in there is no obvious reason or trigger for them appearing, or they can be triggered by any form of trauma to the skin. Clinical studies have identified Milia as being linked to some genetically triggered skin conditions too.’
Milia are normally grouped into three categories…
Primary Milia – those that appear for no obvious reason
‘Within this category there are congenital Milia, which occur in up to 50% of newborns on the face (especially the nose), scalp and upper body, says Dr Sturnham. ‘These are harmless and tend to resolve themselves within weeks without treatment.
‘There’s also Eruptive Milia, which are larger groups of Milia that appear slowly and are most commonly found in younger women and are thought to be triggered by UV exposure.
‘And finally, Milia en plaque, a rare form, which can appear on adult skin. It occurs on red, swollen and inflamed skin, usually around the ears and eye regions.’
Secondary Milia is caused by damage to the skin.
‘The trigger can be any mechanical trauma (things like a strong laser or abrasive skin treatment), which creates an abnormal healing process leading to accumulation of keratin under the skin,’ she says. ‘Rather than developing in the sebaceous, oil-producing glands they can appear in the sweat glands (also known as eccrine glands).’
How can you treat them?
‘When I assess adult skin with Milia I do a full review of their skincare products and take away any harsh formulations, mechanical scrubs and heavily silicone and fragrance loaded products,’ explains Dr Sturnham. ‘I then recommend a gentle Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) and Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA) Cleanser duo at night, and using cream or clay-based products with ingredients such as Lactic acid, glycolic acid and Salicylic acid. I’d also integrate a fruit acid and fruit enzyme mask once a week to reduce the build up of oil and keratin clogging the pores.’
In the clinic, we treat Milia with extractions, Hydrafacial and NDyag laser to help to eliminate them safely.
The Hydrafacial detoxifies the skin, which helps to remove build up of oil, old dead skin cells and congestion.
The ND-yag laser is a multi-tasking laser treatment, using light and sound energy to stimulate remodelling and repair in the skin. For Milia, it resurfaces the skin and breaks down the cysts, whilst also improving sebaceous gland stability and oil control.’
Can you pop a Milia?
‘No. I always tell my patients not to pop them, as this can make things so much worse.’ warns Dr Sturnham.