We pay extra attention and care to other aspects of our body but often tend to neglect our oral health. This is when oral issues, such as gingivitis and periodontitis, begin surfacing. Periodontal diseases affect about 30-50% of the world population ( 1 )
Are your teeth appearing longer than usual? Try shaking them with your fingers. Do they feel like they will fall off any moment? You could be suffering from periodontitis and need to visit a dentist immediately!
Although periodontitis is quite common, it is largely preventable
Periodontitis is usually the second stage of gum disease.
What Are The Stages Of Periodontal Disease
The three main stages of periodontal disease include ( 2 ):
- Stage 1 – Gingivitis
This is the most common stage of the disease.
- Stage 2 – Periodontitis
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can turn severe, causing periodontitis.
- Stage 3 – Advanced Periodontitis or Periodontal Disease
When periodontitis advances to this stage, you are at high risk of losing some of your teeth as well as the bones and fibers that support them. This is the most severe stage that can result in persistent bad breath, toothaches, tooth loss, bone loss, etc.
In this article, we are dealing with the second stage of gum disease – periodontitis.
Signs And Symptoms
What factors trigger periodontitis? Let's find out
What Causes Periodontitis Disease
Most cases of periodontitis begin with the formation of plaques on your teeth and gums. Plaque formation can further contribute to the development of periodontitis via the following phases:
- The starches and sugars in the food you eat interact with the naturally occurring bacteria in your mouth. This leads to the formation of plaque on your teeth
- When the plaque is left unattended, it can cause your gum line to harden into tartar. Tartar is harder to get rid of, and you can not remove it by simply brushing or flossing. You will have to visit a dentist to get rid of it.
- Untreated plaque and tartar lead to gingivitis. This is the beginning of periodontal disease that can cause irritation and inflammation in some parts of your gums around the base of your teeth
- If gingivitis is left unattended, it leads to periodontitis, which causes pockets to develop between your teeth and gums. These pockets are often filled with plaque, tartar, and bacteria.
] The most common risk factors for periodontitis include ( 3 ):
- Poor oral hygiene
- Chewing or smoking tobacco
- Hormonal changes or imbalances triggered by pregnancy or menopause ] Substance abuse
- Being obese
- Genetics – A family history of the condition
- Nutrition deficiencies – like that of vitamin C
- Certain medication drugs that cause changes in your gums ] Medical conditions such as leukemia and HIV / AIDS that cause your immunity to decline
- Other diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, or Crohn's disease
- Many p eople confused periodontitis for gingivitis due to similarities in their symptoms. However, you should know that periodontitis is an advanced stage of gingivitis. These are some of the major differences between the two.
Gingivitis Vs. Periodontitis
Some of the main differences between gingivitis and periodontitis are: 4 ):
Gingivitis Not all gingivitis cases progress to periodontitis
- It is a result of plaque build-up on your teeth
- Gums become inflamed and may even bleed due to gingivitis
- The teeth remain firmly planted to your gums if
- Some cases of untreated gingivitis advance to periodontitis.
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When it comes to your oral health, it is best to av
When To See A Dentist
It is best to see a dentist immediately if you notice that gingivitis is recurring in your case. Get your teeth checked regularly or as advised by your dentist. (19659002) Once you have a dentist, you will be able to carry out the following tests to determine whether you are suffering from periodontitis or not
How To Diagnose Periodontitis
Your dentist may (firstly) review your medical history and lifestyle to identify any factors that might be contributing to the development of periodontitis. ):
- Examine your mouth to look for symptoms of the condition
- Measure the depth of the pockets or holes that have formed due to the condition. The pockets of a healthy mouth are usually 1-3 mm deep. Pockets that are deeper than 4 mm indicate periodontitis
- Take dental X-rays to look for bone loss in areas with deep pockets
Once your dentist has confirmed periodontitis, you may be prescribed some treatments and asked to make lifestyle
How To Treat Periodontitis
Treatments are usually performed by a dentist, a periodontist, or dental hygienist. The main goal of the treatment is to clean the pockets around the teeth thoroughly and to prevent damage to the surrounding bones and tissues
You need to follow a good oral care routine and quit smoking to get the best results from the treatment. 
Scaling to remove tartar and bacteria from the surface of your teeth as well
Periodontitis that is not advanced may require less invasive or non-surgical medical interventions like as under your gums. (19659033) Root planing to smooth down the root surfaces to prevent bacteria and tartar from building up any further
- Antibiotics – Topical as well as oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infections
– Tiny incisions are made in your gum so that a section of your gum can be easily lifted for more efficient scaling and root planing.
- Soft Tissue Grafts – These help reinforce damaged soft tissue. This procedure is often performed by taking a small amount of tissue from your palate. Bone Grafting – This is done to reinforce the destroyed bones surrounding the root of your teeth. The graft may be made of fragments of your own bone or that of a donor. Guided Tissue Regeneration – A biocompatible fabric is placed between an existing bone and your tooth to allow the regrowth of the bones that are destroyed by bacteria. This procedure prevents unwanted tissues from entering the healing area
- Tissue-Stimulating Proteins – This involves the application of a special gel to the diseased tooth root to stimulate the growth of healthy bones and tissues
]  It is also recommended that you follow these tips to help keep your medical treatment better
How To Prevent Periodontitis
- Floss Daily
- Use an electric toothbrush if you can, as it does a better job in removing plaque and tartar
- Get a mouth wash to help reduce the plaque between your teeth and gums
- your teeth checked regularly by a dental professional
It is best to get regular dental checkups done to detect periodontitis at an early stage so that damage to your teeth and gums can easily be reversed. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to complications
Do not take your oral health for granted. Following a good oral hygiene routine and getting regular dental check-ups done can go a long way in combating as well as preventing periodontitis successfully
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Expert's Answers For Readers' Questions
If gingivitis is left unattended for weeks or months without following even the basic oral
Parodontax and Crest are two of the best toothpastes that can help you deal with oral problems such as periodontitis
Can you fix periodontal disease
The more chronic or advanced condition is, the harder it is to fix or cure it. When detected early, periodontitis can be reversed with treatment. However, it may become irreversible if the condition becomes advanced
If you leave periodontal disease or periodontal disease untreated, it may lead to complications like tooth loss, recurrent gum abscesses , increase in damage to the periodontal ligament that connects the tooth to the socket, damage to the alveolar or jaw bone, loss of teeth, receding gums, and loosening of teeth
- " Prevalence of periodontal "Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care, " US National Library of Medicine
- " Chapter 8 Periodontal Diseases " Distinguishing the Signals of Gingivi "The Journal of the Periodontitis in the Supragingival Plaque: A Cross-Sectional Cohort Study in Malawi " Applied and Environmental Microbiology, US National Library of Medicine
- " the California Dental Association, the US National Library of Medicine
- " Treating chronic periodontitis: current status, challenges, and future directions " Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry. ] The Post What Is Periodontitis? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment appeared first on STYLECRAZE .