Did you develop a lump on your abdomen or groin? Does this lump ache as you lift a heavy object or when you strain yourself physically in any other way? Then, chances are you have developed a hernia.
A hernia is usually a result of weakened or injured muscles that can no longer hold your organs in place. Its appearance is quite common in the abdomen and groin areas. Would you like to know more about this condition and your chances of battling it?
Your organs are often held together with the help of the muscles or tissues that surround them. And hernia is the result of any of your organs pushing through the opening of its surrounding muscle or tissue.
Hernias most commonly occur in the abdomen. However, they can also appear in your upper thigh, groin area, and belly button. While hernias are not necessarily life-threatening, they do not go away on their own.
Types Of Hernia
The types of Hernias
The types of Hernias are as follows ( Hernias can be divided into different types depending on the area in which they appear. ] 1 ):
This is the most common type of hernia, and accounts for about 70% of all hernia. It occurs when the intestine is pushed through a weak or torn spot in your lower abdominal wall, usually in the inguinal canal. This canal is found in the groin. In men, the inguinal canal is the area where the spermatic cord passes through the abdomen to the scrotum and holds the testicles together. While, in women, the inguinal canal helps hold the uterus in place. Hiatal Hernia
Hiatal hernia usually occurs when a part of your stomach ends up protruding through the diaphragm into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is the muscle that contracts as you breathe and helps in drawing air into your lungs. It results in the separation of the organs of your chest from that of your abdomen. People who are 50 years or older are more prone to develop and hiatal hernia. If a child is found to have a hiatal hernia, it is most likely due to a congenital birth defect. To know more about a hiatal hernia and its treatment options, click here .
It often occurs in children and babies below 6 months. This type of hernia is usually a result of the intestine bulging out of the abdominal wall, near the belly button. This bulge is usually evident when the child is crying
An umbilical hernia usually eases and goes away on its own as the abdominal wall muscles get stronger. This is usually the case when the child turns a year old. In case the hernia refuses to go away, surgery may be required.
Such hernias usually appear after abdominal surgery. Your intestines are at high risk of pushing through the incisional scar or the tissues surrounding them.
It occurs in the upper thigh, near the groin, in an area called the femoral canal.
This is a result of the tissue through a gap in the abdominal wall, ]
Symptoms Of Hernia
The first and foremost symptom of a hernias hernia is a lump in the affected area. This bulge may be noticed on either side of your pubic bone if it is an inguinal hernia. You are also quite likely to feel hernia if you stand up, bend down, or cough
If your little one has hernia, you will be able to see and / or feel the bulge when they are crying. This is the only symptom associated with a umbilical hernia
- cough, or lift anything heavy
- Pressure or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen
- An anxiety or a burning sensation at the site of the lump
- Chest pain
- Swallowing difficulties
- Acid reflux
In some cases, hernias hardly exhibit any symptoms and you may not know that you have one unless you undergo a routine physical or medical
Hernias are usually caused by a combination of weakened muscles and strain.
Causes And Risk Factors
Some causes of muscle weakness
A few common causes of muscle weakness may include:
- Age – Newborns and older adults have weaker muscles
- Chronic coughing bouts
- Surgery or injury
Some factors may also increase your risk of developing a hernia by exerting additional strain on the weak muscles. They are ( 1 ):
- Heavy weightlifting
- affected area
- A family history of hernias
- Medical conditions like cystic fibrosis
If you experience any of the symptoms associated with a hernia, it is better to get diagnosed
How To Diagnose A Hernia
Inguinal and incisional hernias are diagnosed through a physical examination.
Diagnostic procedures used to detect hiatal hernia include barium swallow X-ray and endoscopy ( 4 [BariumSwallowX-ray – For this, you may be asked to drink a solution containing barium, and then a series of X-ray images of your digestive tract are recorded. Consuming barium helps the X-ray images show up well
- Endoscopy – It involves threading a small camera (endoscope) that is attached to a tube down your throat and then through your esophagus into your stomach. This test also allows the doctor to see the inside of your stomach
To diagnose umbilical hernia in a child, the doctor may perform an ultrasound.
How to Treat A Hernia
The treatment of hernias depends on their size and the severity of the symptoms associated with them. options for hernia may include:
Medications for hernia are aimed at relieving the symptoms. They include over-the-counter prescription medications such as antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors to reduce stomach acid and acid reflux symptoms 3 )
It causes great discomfort and pain, your doctor may advise you to undergo surgery. The abdominal cannula through which the organ or tissue is protruding may be sewn and closed ( 5 )
Hernias are most often repaired with open or laparoscopic surgery. Open surgeries have a long recovery time, and the patient may be unable to move for about six weeks. On the other hand, laparoscopic surgeries have a short recovery time, but the chances of recurrence of hernia are higher. It is also important to note that all hernias are not suitable for laparoscopic repair
How To Prevent Hernias
- Avoid strenuous exercises.
- Avoid strenuous exercises.
- Avoid eating spicy and acidic foods that are known to worsen the symptoms of acid reflux
As you must have already understood by now , your diet really plays an important role in the management of hernia. Therefore, let us now see what you should be eating and avoiding while dealing with this condition
What You Should Eat If You Have A Hernia
Consume foods low in acid content to manage the symptoms of acid reflux and GERD associated with hernias.
- Apples and bananas
- Vegetables like carrots, broccoli, leafy greens, peas, and squash 19659030] Pasture-raised chicken
- Whole nuts and seeds
- Jogurt and other probiotic foods such as kefir, kombucha, and kimchi
- Citrus fruits such as oranges, tomatoes, lemons, grapefruits, etc.
- Foods high in sodium
- Whole milk
Availing prompt treatment and making few lifestyle changes can help you in fighting hernia. However, any delay in treatment may lead to complications such as strangulation of hernia, which may even turn out to be life-threatening
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Expert's Answers For Readers' Questions
Surgery for correcting hernia usually takes around 30- 45 minutes. Post surgery, you should avoid heavy weightlifting and strenuous activities for 4-6 weeks.
How long can you live with a hernia
Hernias do not go away on their own. However, if you avail medical treatment, you can deal with the condition successfully. In rare cases, leaving hernias untreated can lead to life-threatening complications.
What do you do when you have a hernia
You should avoid strenuous physical activities such as weightlifting and intense exercise if you have a hernia. You can also quit smoking as it can cause chronic coughing, which is again a problem for those who have a hernia
Can you heal a hernia with exercise
While you should not do intense exercises, mild to moderate exercises
What is a sports hernia
A sports hernia is a painful soft tissue injury that often occurs in the groin.
How serious is a hernia?
Leaving a hernia untreated may lead to its strangulation.
What foods should I avoid with an inguinal hernia
Certain foods may worsen the symptoms associated with an inguinal hernia such as spicy, acidic, fried, caffeinated, or carbonated foods and drinks.
- " Hernias: Overview " "[HerniaInguinal "StatPearls, US National Library of Medicine
- " Preoperative Clinical Significance of Hiatal Hernia Diagnosis of Hiatal Hernias: Barium Swallow X-ray, High-Resolution Manometers, or Endoscopy "Munich: Zuckschwerdt, US National Hernias Library of Medicine
- "" Fiber-enriched diet helps to control symptoms and improves esophageal motility in patients with non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease The post What Is A Hernia? Types, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention Tips appeared first on STYLECRAZE